Older MSM had been more prone to be HIV positive than more youthful MSM. HIV prevalence among MSM aged 16–19 years stayed unchanged between 2007 and 2014 and ended up being less than that reported for all those aged 20–24 years and the ones 25 years and above.

Older MSM had been more prone to be HIV positive than more youthful MSM. HIV prevalence among MSM aged 16–19 years stayed unchanged between 2007 and 2014 and ended up being less than that reported for all those aged 20–24 years and the ones 25 years and above.

Merrigan et al. (2010) reported comparable outcomes among MSM in three states in Nigeria 52. Another present research in Nigeria among MSM whom involved with transactional sex, revealed that MSM aged 25 years and above had been four times very likely to be HIV good compared to those aged 15–19 years 53. Nonetheless, our findings are as opposed to those reported by Beyrer et al. (2012) and (2016) which indicated that more youthful MSM had greater burden of HIV 1, 54. A plausible explanation for the choosing is the fact that the older MSM have experienced extended experience of HIV through greater amount of intimate lovers, participating in transactional intercourse and greater experience of anal sex that is unprotected. Also, MSM sampled this year and 2014 had been almost certainly going to be HIV good when compared with those who work in 2007 and also this further supports our argument that the extended experience of higher danger behaviours will be the reason for higher HIV prevalence among older MSM. Younger MSM aged 16–19 years will probably continue to have support that is parental hence, there’s less socioeconomic stress to take part in risky intimate methods such as transactional intercourse. In addition, their intimate sites revolve around their peers in place of intergenerational intimate lovers and also this limits their contact with older HIV infected MSM.

There is an increase that is significant the percentage of MSM whom reported making love with feminine lovers between 2007 and 2014. This takes its possible connection between MSM as well as the basic populace and so merits conversation once the gains in reduced total of HIV prevalence on the list of basic populace might be eroded by bisexual sexual intercourse among MSM. The rise in bisexuality may mirror the hostility that is increasing stigma and criminalization of MSM in Nigeria. Schwartz et al. (2015) evaluated the instant aftereffects of the marriage that is same-sex work in Nigeria and reported a statistically significant boost in percentage of MSM that has feminine lovers following the legislation ended up being passed away in comparison with the pre-law period 13. This coping device towards the stigma that is high criminalization of MSM might also adversely influence their usage of key populace friendly clinics because they continue steadily to conceal their identification also to medical care employees.

This research has many limits. The lack of a potential research team plus the usage of cross-sectional studies from unmatched cohort limitations the energy of our research and so calls for care into the interpretation associated with information. There might be prospective dependence between information from different rounds of IBBSS that might overestimate HIV prevalence if an important quantity of positives from past rounds had been recruited into subsequent rounds or an underestimation of HIV prevalence is an important quantity of HIV negative MSM were targeted and recruited in subsequent rounds. Future studies ought to include an adjustable to assist determine those who work in past rounds and their HIV status at that round allowing an even more estimation that is robust of among MSM. Information on HIV prevention programs and treatment protection into the research states had not been available and so could never be accounted for inside our research to individually gauge the impacts of the programs within the research outcome. In addition, information on therapy protection may help give an explanation for increase that is observed therapy protection ended up being examined become low. Another limitation is the fact that of social desirability bias on intimate danger behaviours as information had been self-reported, though the higher boost in constant condom usage during transactional intercourse in comparison to non-transactional is related to that observed among female intercourse employees 54 and shows that risks behaviors captured within these scholarly studies was under-reported because of the enhance of STIs and HIV observed. Also, studies on biological validation of unsafe sex among feminine intercourse employees show significant over-reporting of protected sex 55 and future studies should think about biological validation of protected intercourse among MSM to raised characterize risk behaviours medication usage especially usage of methamphetamine 1 happens to be connected with HIV among MSM, but, there is no information on medication usage among MSM in every three rounds regarding the study. Further research is needed to determine the relationship of medication usage and HIV among MSM in Nigeria. Finally, not totally all clients plumped for an HIV make sure the percentage of refusal ranged from 10 to 16per cent. Whilst the status of these whom rejected an HIV test may not be thought, individuals whom declined to decide for an HIV test could have done this due to past knowledge of HIV infection and thus prevalence of HIV might have been underestimated within the study that is current later biases the noticed trend in HIV prevalence.


In summary, this the study that is first assess the trend of HIV prevalence among MSM in Nigeria and we also report an amount of key findings. Like in other climes, HIV prevalence among MSM in Nigeria is on an alarming development with a general enhance of 10% point each year over 7 years. No state is spared, and prevention packages should be holistic and include the employment of methods using the strongest proof of greatest efficacy in preventing HIV transmission; very early remedy for partners, 2, 56 condoms 32, 57 and oral preexposure prophylaxis 58. Lastly, the HIV epidemic among MSM in Nigeria is serious and plainly, is amongst the defining challenges ahead, and perhaps the absolute most critical space in the nationwide HIV avoidance program to regulate the HIV epidemic in Nigeria.

Accessibility to data and materials

Data can be obtained under reasonable demand through the author that is corresponding.