All babies are born with a natural immunity, which is further strengthened by breast milk (colostrum). But this protective shield doesn’t last forever, leaving your little one vulnerable to all the bacteria-ridden infections that periodically do the rounds.
Though most of these illnesses can be cured with prompt medical attention, it is very important to prevent these deadly diseases from affecting baby in the first place.
Diseases To Watch Out For
|Diseases||Vulnerable Age||Symptoms||Form Of Vaccination|
|Poliomyelitis||4 Months Onwards||Fever, Headache, Constipation And Vomiting||Oral Drops|
|Whooping Cough||10 To 14 Months||Severe Persistent Cough And Vomiting After Coughing||Injection|
|German Measles||12 To 36 Months||Sore Throat, Mild Cold, Swollen Gland Behind Ears And Pink Rashes||Injection|
|Mumps||16 To 24 Months||Swollen Glands In Front Of Ears, Fever And Pain On Swallowing||Injection|
|Measles||16 To 24 Months||Rashes, Fever, Dry Cough, Cold And Runny Nose||Injection|
|Chicken Pox||One Year Onwards||Fluid-Filled Rashes On Baby’s Chest, Abdomen And Back||Injection|
Vaccines – How They Work
Germs, viruses and bacteria all enter baby’s body either through inhalation (as in tuberculosis, measles, chicken pox etc.) or by ingestion (as in typhoid or cholera).
Vaccines help the body fight these alien intruders by releasing a controlled number of toxins into the body in very small quantities, thus forcing the body to produce antibodies in defense.
As these vaccines cannot be administered in one huge dangerous dose, they are instead given over a period of time as primary and secondary immunizations.
Vaccines are usually given as medicine drops that are either administered orally or injected. This could result in baby developing a slight temperature. Sometimes, the site of the vaccination could become a hard lump, but there is no need to worry. These symptoms usually subside, though only after giving baby a hard time for a couple of days.
Here is a Vaccination Schedule to keep track.
|Date||Recommended Age||Vaccine And Dose||Doctor’s Signature|
|Birth To 2 Weeks||BCG||1st Oral Polio||1st HBV|
|6 Weeks||1st Triple Antigen||2nd Oral Polio||2nd HBV|
|10 Weeks||2nd Triple Antigen||3rd Oral Polio|
|14 Weeks||3rd Triple Antigen||4th Oral Polio|
|6 To 9 Months||5th Oral Polio||3rd HBV|
|15 To 18 Months||MMR|
|18 To 24 Months||Triple Antigen – 1st Booster||Oral Polio – 1st Booster|
|2 Years And After||Typhoid – Single Dose|
|5 Years||Triple Antigen – 2nd Booster||Oral Polio – 2nd Booster||HBV – 1stBooster|
|15 To 16 Years||TT||HBV – 2ndBooster|