Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is a condition that develops only during pregnancy when the sugar levels are very high and the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin to break it down. It is a temporary condition and women get over the diabetes after giving birth. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you’re a higher risk of developing it again during subsequent pregnancies, and also later in life.

What Are The Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes?

Normally gestational diabetes doesn’t show any symptoms. Some of the early symptoms include fatigue, frequent urination, blurred vision and an unexplained weight loss.

Gestational diabetes usually develops in the second trimester and gets detected only during a glucose screening test. This routine preliminary test is done between 24 and 28 week and ff this turns out positive, a follow up test – Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) is done to re-confirm gestational diabetes.

Who Is At Risk For Gestational Diabetes?

If you have any of the following, chances developing gestational diabetes are quite high.

  • You’re overweight with a body mass index (BMI) of over 30
  • Family history of diabetes
  • You’re above 35 years
  • High blood pressure
  • Sugar in your urine
  • Previous history of gestational diabetes

Can Gestational Diabetes Affect Your Baby?

When sugar levels get high, the glucose will automatically get into your baby’s blood. Subsequently the baby needs to produce more insulin to process the glucose leading to the baby to put on extra weight especially in the torso.

When the baby grows very large, it can hinder its entrance into the birth canal thus leading to complications and a traumatic delivery. In such instances, the baby can also be injured and have a fracture or a nerve damage.

How Is Gestational Diabetes Treated?

Gestational diabetes can be kept under control by regular exercise, controlled low-carb diet, regular eating. If your glucose levels are excessively high, then you may require insulin injections to lower the sugar levels and keep it under control. It goes without saying that glucose levels have to be carefully monitored regularly.

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