Baby Immunisations

 

All babies are born with a natural immunity, which is further strengthened by breast milk (colostrum). But this protective shield doesn’t last forever, leaving your little one vulnerable to all the bacteria-ridden infections that periodically do the rounds.

Though most of these illnesses can be cured with prompt medical attention, it is very important to prevent these deadly diseases from affecting baby in the first place.

Diseases To Watch Out For

Diseases Vulnerable Age Symptoms Form Of Vaccination
Poliomyelitis 4 Months Onwards Fever, Headache, Constipation And Vomiting Oral Drops
Whooping Cough 10 To 14 Months Severe Persistent Cough And Vomiting After Coughing Injection
German Measles 12 To 36 Months Sore Throat, Mild Cold, Swollen Gland Behind Ears And Pink Rashes Injection
Mumps 16 To 24 Months Swollen Glands In Front Of Ears, Fever And Pain On Swallowing Injection
Measles 16 To 24 Months Rashes, Fever, Dry Cough, Cold And Runny Nose Injection
Chicken Pox One Year Onwards Fluid-Filled Rashes On Baby’s Chest, Abdomen And Back Injection

Vaccines – How They Work

Germs, viruses and bacteria all enter baby’s body either through inhalation (as in tuberculosis, measles, chicken pox etc.) or by ingestion (as in typhoid or cholera).

Vaccines help the body fight these alien intruders by releasing a controlled number of toxins into the body in very small quantities, thus forcing the body to produce antibodies in defense.

As these vaccines cannot be administered in one huge dangerous dose, they are instead given over a period of time as primary and secondary immunizations.

Vaccines are usually given as medicine drops that are either administered orally or injected. This could result in baby developing a slight temperature. Sometimes, the site of the vaccination could become a hard lump, but there is no need to worry. These symptoms usually subside, though only after giving baby a hard time for a couple of days.

Here is a Vaccination Schedule to keep track.

Vaccination Schedule

Date Recommended Age Vaccine And Dose Doctor’s Signature
Birth To 2 Weeks BCG 1st Oral Polio 1st HBV
6 Weeks 1st Triple Antigen 2nd Oral Polio 2nd HBV
10 Weeks 2nd Triple Antigen 3rd Oral Polio
14 Weeks 3rd Triple Antigen 4th Oral Polio
6 To 9 Months 5th Oral Polio 3rd HBV
9 Months Measles
15 To 18 Months MMR
18 To 24 Months Triple Antigen – 1st Booster Oral Polio – 1st Booster
2 Years And After Typhoid – Single Dose
5 Years Triple Antigen – 2nd Booster Oral Polio – 2nd Booster HBV – 1stBooster
10 Years TT
15 To 16 Years TT HBV – 2ndBooster